Essential Bible Study Materials :
Aharoni, Yohanan. The Archaeology of the Land of Israel (translated by Anson F. Rainey). Philadelphia: Westminster, 1982.
Hoerth, Alfred J. Archaeology and the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1998.
McRay, John. Archaeology and the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1991.
Mazar, Amihai. Archaeology of the Land of the Bible: 10,000 - 586 B.C.E. New York: Doubleday, 1990.
Aharoni, Yohanan. The Land of the Bible: A Historical Geography (revised edition, translated and edited by Anson Rainey). Philadelphia: Westminster, 1979.
Avi-Yonah, Michael. The Holy Land from the Persian to Arab Conquests (536 B.C. to A.D. 640): A Historical Geography (revised edition). Grand Rapids: Baker, 1977.
Bolen, Todd. Pictorial Library of Bible Lands, 4 CD's of original photographs, categorized and labelled. 2000 by Todd Bolen.
Monson, James M. The Land Between. Jerusalem: author's edition, 1983.
Smith, George A. The Historical Geography of the Holy Land. Grand Rapids: Kregel, 1977 (numerous editions and reprints since first published in 1894 by Hodder and Stoughton).
Vos, Howard F. An Introduction to Biblical Geography. Chicago: Moody, 1983.
Aharoni, Yohanan, Michael Avi-Yonah, Anson F. Rainey, and Ze'ev Safrai. The Macmillan Bible Atlas (3rd edition). New York: Macmillan, 1993.
Bahat, Dan and Chaim T. Rubinstein. The Illustrated Atlas of Jerusalem (translated by Shlomo Ketko). New York: Simon & Schuster, 1990.
Beitzel, Barry J. The Moody Atlas of Bible Lands. Chicago: Moody, 1985.
Monson, J. et al. Student Map Manual: Historical Geography of the Bible Lands. Jerusalem: Pictorial Archive; Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1979.
Survey of Israel. Atlas of Israel: Cartography, Physical Geography, Human and Economic Geography, History. Jerusalem: Survey of Israel, Ministry of Labor, 1970.
Dictionaries and Encyclopedias
Botterweck, G. Johannes and Helmer Ringgren (editors). Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (8 vols. ready). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1974+.
Bromiley, Geoffrey William et al. The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (4 vols.). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1979.
Brown, Colin (editor). The New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology (3 vols.). Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1978.
Encyclopaedia Judaica. Jerusalem: Keter Publishing, 1972.
Freedman, David Noel (editor). Anchor Bible Dictionary (6 vols.). New York: Doubleday, 1992.
Language Study/Word Studies
Aland, Kurt et al. The Greek New Testament (3rd edition). New York: United Bible Societies, 1979.
Bauer, W., William Frederick Arndt, F. Wilbur Gingrich, and F.W. Danker. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957.
Brown, Francis, S.R. Driver, and Charles A. Briggs. A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974.
Davidson, Benjamin. The Analytical Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1981.
Dana, Harvey Eugene and Julius R. Mantey. A Manual Grammar of the Greek New Testament. New York: Macmillan, 1957.
Deissmann, Adolf. Light from the Ancient East. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1965.
Elliger, K. and W. Rudolph. Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. Stuttgart, Germany: Deutsche Bibelstiftung, 1984.
Harris, R. Laird, Gleason L. Archer, and Bruce K. Waltke (editors). Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (2 vols.). Chicago: Moody, 1980.
Hatch, Edwin and Henry A. Redpath. Concordance to the Septuagint (2 vols.). Grand Rapids: Baker, 1983.
LaSor, William S. Handbook of Biblical Hebrew. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1985.
——. Handbook of New Testament Greek (2 vols.). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1984.
Liddell, Henry George and Robert Scott. Greek-English Lexicon. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1966.
Metzger, Bruce Manning. Lexical Aids for Students of New Testament Greek. Princeton: Theological Book Agency, 1970.
Moule, C.F.D. An Idiom Book of New Testament Greek. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1959.
Moulton, Harold K. The Analytical Greek Lexicon. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1978.
Rahlfs, Alfred (editor). Septuaginta (2 vols.). Stuttgart, Germany:
Rosenthal, Franz. A Grammar of Biblical Aramaic. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1961.
Robertson, Archibald Thomas. Grammar of the Greek New Testament in the Light of Historical Research. Nashville: Broadman, 1934.
Strong, James. Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1989.
Young, Robert. Analytical Concordance to the Bible. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1955.
There are several theological works, both one volume and multi-volume sets. We will not list these theologies because more often than not they represent one particular theological slant. To represent those theological leanings would be detrimental to the scope of this study series and might prejudice the students one way or another against learning from these booklets. But there are a few general theological works that we have found particularly helpful. These we gladly recommend to the students.
Aiken, Lisa. To Be A Jewish Woman. Northvale, NJ, Jason Aronson Inc. 1992.
Berkovits, Eliezer. Not in Heaven: The Nature and Function of Halakhah. New York: KTAV Publishing, 1983.
Berkowitz, Ariel and D'vorah. Torah Rediscovered. Hampton, VA: Shoreshim Publishers, 1996, 2005. In Dutch, 2000; in German, 2004
Blech, Benjamin. Understanding Judaism. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson, Inc., 1991.
Boncheck, Avigdor, Studying the Torah. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson, Inc., 1996.
Buber, Martin. On Judaism. New York: Schocken Books, 1967.
——. I, Thou.
Cardozo, Nathan T. Lopes. The Written and Oral Torah: A Comprehensive Introduction. Northvale, NJ, Jason Aronson Inc. 1989.
Donin, Hayim Halevy. To Be a Jew. New York Basic Books Publications, 1972.
——. To Pray as a Jew. Ibid..
——. To Raise a Jewish Child. 1977.
Erickson, Millard J. Christian Theology (3 parts in one vol.). Grand Rapids: Baker, 1985
Jacobs, Louis. The Book of Jewish Belief. West Orange, NJ: Behrman House, Inc., 1984.
——, A Jewish Theology. West Orange, NJ: Behrman House, Inc. 1973.
Kaiser, Walter C., Jr. Toward an Exegetical Theology. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1982.
——. Toward an Old Testament Theology. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1978.
——. Toward Old Testament Ethics. Grand Rapids: Academie Books (Zondervan), 1983.
——. Toward Rediscovering the Old Testament. (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1987.
Kaiser, Walter C. Jr. and Mois�s Silva. An Introduction to Biblical Hermeneutics: The Search for Meaning. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1994.
Landau, David. Piety and Power: The World of Jewish Fundamentalism. New York:
Hill and Wang, 1993.
McComskey, Thomas. The Covenants of Promise. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1985.
Moore, George Foote. Judaism. 3 Volumes Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1954.
Neusner, Jacob. What Is Midrash? Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1987.
——. The Oral Torah. San Francisco: Harper and Row, 1985.
Scholem, Gershom, The Messianic Idea in Judaism, and Other Essays in Jewish Spirituality. (New York: Schocken Books, 1971).
Segal, Gerald. The Jew and the Christian Missionary: A Jewish Response to Missionary Christianity. (New York: KTAV Publishing, 1981).
Vos, Gerhardus. Biblical Theology. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1954.
Archer, Gleason L. Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1982.
——. A Survey of Old Testament Introduction (revised and expanded). Chicago: Moody, 1994.
Carson, D.A., Douglas J. Moo, and Leon Morris. An Introduction to the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1992.
Geisler, Norman L. and William E. Nix. General Introduction to the Bible. Chicago: Moody, 1968.
Guthrie, Donald. New Testament Introduction. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1971.
Harrison, Everett F. Introduction to the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1971.
Harrison, Roland K. Introduction to the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1969.
There are scores of commentaries on the Scriptures. Like the theological works, they come in single volume or multi-volume sets. We list below only the sets that we find particularly helpful and not the single volumes works, which would be too numerous to mention.
Berkowitz, Ariel. Briteinu: A Messianic Study on the Weekly Torah and Haftarah Portions. Den Haag, Netherlands: Torah Resources International, 2002.
Cohen, A. Soncino Books of the Bible (14 vols.). Bournemouth, England: Soncino, 1961.
Driver, S. R., A. Plummer, and C.A. Briggs. International Critical Commentary on the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments (46 vols.). Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark,1924.
Freedman, H. Midrash Rabbah. New York: Soncino Press, 1983.
Gaebelein, Frank E. (editor). The Expositor's Bible Commentary (12 vols.). Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1976.
Harrison, R. K. (editor). The New International Commentary on the Old Testament (series in progress). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1965.
Keil, C.F. and Delitzsch, F. Commentary on the Old Testament, 10 vols. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1973 reprint.
Lachs, Samuel Tobias, A Rabbinic Commentary on the New Testament. Hoboken, NJ: Ktav Publishing, 1987.
Rashi, ArtScroll Edition. Brooklyn, NY: Mesorah Publications, 1994.
Sarna, Nahum (editor). New Torah Commentary (5 vols.). Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1989.
Stern, David H. The Jewish New Testament Commentary. Clarksville, MD: Jewish New Testament Publications, 1992.
Tasker, R. V. G. (editor). Tyndale New Testament Commentaries. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1956-1984.
Wiseman, D. J. (editor). Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1964.
Bright, John A. A History of Israel (4th edition). Louisville, KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 2000.
Charlesworth, James H. The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha (2 vols.). Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1983 and 1985.
Hoerth, Alfred J., Gerald L. Mattingly, and Edwin M. Yamauchi (editors). Peoples of the Old Testament World. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1994.
King, Philip and Stager, Lawrence E. Life in Biblical Israel. Louisville: Westminister John Knox Press, 2001.
Kitchen, Kenneth A. Ancient Orient and Old Testament. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1967.
Ritmeyer, Leen and Kathleen. From Sinai to Jerusalem: The Wanderings of the Holy Ark. Jerusalem: Carta, 2000.
Schultz, Samuel J. The Old Testament Speaks. New York: Harper & Row, 1960.
Walton, John H. Ancient Israelite Literature in Its Cultural Context. Grand Rapids: Regency Reference Library (Zondervan), 1989.
——. Chronological Charts of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1981.
Thiele, Edwin R. The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1983.
de Vaux, Roland. Ancient Israel. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1961.
Wood, Leon J. A Survey of Israel's History (revised edition). Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1986.
Wiseman, Donald J. (editor) Peoples of Old Testament Times. London: Clarendon, 1973.
Newer Covenant Backgrounds
Archer, Gleason and G. Chirichigno. Old Testament Quotations in the New Testament: A Complete Survey. Chicago: Moody, 1983.
Baker, David L. Two Testaments, One Bible. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1991.
Bivin, David. New Light on the Difficult Words of Jesus. Holland, MI: En-Gedi Research Center, 2005
Charlesworth, James H. (editor). Jesus and the Dead Sea Scrolls. New York: Doubleday, 1992.
—— (editor). John and the Dead Sea Scrolls. New York: Crossroad, 1990.
Cohen, Abraham. Everyman�s Talmud. New York, Schoken, 1975.
Cohen, Chuck and Keren. Roots of Our Faith. Jerusalem, Israel: Christian Friends of Israel, 1995.
Cook, Edward M. Solving the Mysteries of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1994.
Compendia Rerum Iudaicarum ad Novum Testamentum
Mulder, M.J. ed. Mikra: Reading, Translation, and Interpretation of the Hebrew Bible in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1990.
Safrai, S. ed. The Literature of the Sages: Midrash, Mishnah, Talmud. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1984.3.
Safrai, S. and Stern, M., eds. The Jewish People in the First Century, 2 vols. Philadelphia: Fortress Press. 1974.
Stone, Michael E. ed. Jewish Writings of the Second Temple Period. Philadelphia: Fortress Press. 1984.
Thompson, Peter. Paul and the Jewish Law. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1990.
Danby, Herbert. ed. & trans. The Mishnah. London: Oxford University Press, 1933, 1944.
Flusser, David. Jewish Sources in Early Christianity. Tel Aviv: MOD Books, 1989.
Friedman, David. Who Knows Rabbi Arika? An Introduction to the Talmud [by a Messianic Jewish scholar] Hampton, VA: Shoreshim Publishing, 2005.
Kaiser, Walter C. The Uses of the Old Testament in the New. Chicago: Moody, 1985.
Santala, Risto. The Messiah in the Old Testament in the Light of Rabbinical Writings. Jerusalem: Keren Ahvah Meshihit, 1992
——. The Messiah in the New Testament in the Light of Rabbinical Writings.
——. Paul: The Man and the Teacher in the Light of Jewish Sources.
Shanks, Hershel. The Mystery and Meaning of the Dead Sea Scrolls. New York: Random House, 1998.
Vermes, Geza. The Dead Sea Scrolls in English. (4th edition). Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin Books, 1993.
Vos, Howard F. Nelson's New Illustrated Bible Manners and Customs. Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1999.
Wilson, Marvin R. Our Father Abraham. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans and Center for Judaic-Christian Studies, Dayton Ohio, 1989.
Newer Covenant History
Bivin, David. New Light on the Difficult Words of Jesus. Holland, MI: En-Gedi Resource Center, 2005
Bruce, Frederick F. Jesus and Christian Origins Outside the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1974.
——. New Testament History. New York: Nelson, 1969.
Edersheim, Alfred. The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1958.
——. Sketches of Jewish Social Life in the Days of Christ. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1974.
——. The Temple - Its Ministry and Services. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1951.
Flusser, David. Jesus. New York: Herder & Herder, 1969.
——. Judaism and the Origins of Christianity. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1988.
House, H. Wayne. Chronological and Background Charts of the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1981.
Josephus, Flavius. Complete Works of Josephus (translated by William Whiston). Grand Rapids: Kregel, 1978.
Longenecker, Richard. Paul: Apostle of Liberty. New York: Harper & Row, 1964.
Sch-rer, Emil. The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ (175 B.C. - A.D. 135) (3 vols.). Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1973-87.
Yamauchi, Edwin M. Harper's World of the New Testament. San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1981.
Young, Bradford H. The Jewish Background to the Lord's Prayer. Austin, TX: Center for Judaic-Christian Studies, 1984.
——. Paul, The Jewish Theologian. Peobody, MA: Hendrickson, 1997.
——. Jesus, the Jewish Theologian. Peobody, MA: Hendrickson, 1995.
Bible and Spade —— A definitely evangelical Biblical perspective on
"No other publication captures the truth of the Bible like ABR's Bible and Spade. A one-of-a-kind magazine, Bible and Spade transforms the Bible into a living world with its amazing full-color photos, diagrams, graphics, maps and articles written by ABR [Associates for Biblical Research] staff and other authorities in the field."
Biblical Archaeology Review
"The Biblical Archaeology Society was founded in 1974 as a nonprofit, nondenominational, charitable organization dedicated to education and to dissemination of information about archaeology in the Bible lands. The Society publishes Biblical Archaeology Review, the largest paid circulation archaeology magazine in the world."
"ERETZ is the geographic magazine from Israel."
Jerusalem Perspective —— A periodical published in Israel relating some of the research of the "Jerusalem School for Synoptic Studies." Extremely informative and scholarly, yet written for popular audiences and Bible students. Focuses on Second Temple Israel and Biblical subjects, especially the New Testament.
Restore —— A periodical that contains articles on the Hebraic Backgrounds of the Scriptures
"Restore! is published by Restoration Foundation as a service to those in the Christian and Jewish communities who envision the restoration of Christianity's Judaic heritage and the eradication of Christian Judaeophobia and anti-Semitism."